Advantages and Disadvantages of a Career in Biotechnology


Most students pursuing their bachelors in biotechnology are confused if they made the right choice of choosing this stream or not, though the applications of this branch of science are numerous. Its most beneficial use is its contribution towards agriculture and research on growth of heathy crops. As biotechnology is not a common subject and not many people know about it in detail, this lack of knowledge is what leads to the confusion among students. Most people are actually unaware of the opportunities and careers in biotechnology. So, in this post, we will give a detailed overview of the advantages and disadvantages of a career in biotechnology.


  1. Graduating with a degree in biotechnology won’t cost you much. Depending on the college/university you are in, your annual fee would range from INR20,000 to INR2,00,000. Obviously, if you clear the entrance test of a government university the fee structure would be much lower as compared to many private institutions.
  2. There is a great and rising demand for biotechnology in many sectors as well as industries. The main industries are agriculture, healthcare, environment and medicine.
  3. If specialised in any of these fields, you can easily find jobs in government as well as private sectors.
  4. This is the best opportunity for you if you are interested in research work.
  5. All the research you do will be funded by the government and also you will be paid to do the research.
  6. There is not much competition in this stream as fewer students opt for biotechnology. The chances of you bagging great packages are very high.
  7. If you go ahead with a Masters’ degree in biotechnology, not only your pay scale will rise but also your demand in market.


  1. As already mentioned above that this is not a very popular course, the number of seats of biotechnology per college is comparatively lesser than other streams.
  2. The interviews and tests are a little more difficult because you are considered fit for the job (mostly research) only if you are an expert.
  3. The companies (Government and Private) recruiting biotech experts are very less in number as compared to IT/Computing companies.
  4. A great amount of hard work and dedication is needed to go through the course, which can be quite stressing.
  5. If you want to earn quick and easy money, this career is definitely not for you as the starting pay is usually from INR10,000 to INR20,000, which is lower than other professions. However, if you are looking forward to building a long-term career, this is the perfect opportunity for you. Also, as your expertise increases so does your pay-scale.